World Diabetes Day

25th October 2023


The 14th November is World Diabetes Day

In the UK, about 90% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Around 8% of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes, and about 2% of people with diabetes have rarer types of diabetes.


Difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Type 1 is when the body doesn’t produce insulin at all – this happens because the immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. Type 1 is most commonly diagnosed in children and young adults, however it can appear at any age.

Type 2 is when the body doesn’t make enough insulin and this results in the cells in the pancreas becoming overworked. Type 2 can develop at any age, even during childhood. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes.


 What is Pre-diabetes?

Prediabetes means blood sugars are higher than usual, but not high enough to be diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes.

It is important to realise that Pre-diabetes does not have any symptoms.

But it does mean there is a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.


Risk Factors for type 2 diabetes may include:

  • Age
  • Family History
  • Ethnicity
  • Unhealthy Diet
  • Low levels of physical activity
  • Being overweight

Some of these risk factors cannot be changed but others may be improved on.

The good news is that Pre-diabetes is a warning sign and hopefully changes can be made to prevent or delay Type 2 Diabetes developing.


Diabetes Prevention

You can reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by:

  • Eating well – maintaining a balanced diet and keeping a food diary
  • Moving more – being more physically active and keeping an activity diary
  • Getting support to lose weight if you need to

Approximately 3 out of 5 cases of Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed!


You can also visit the B Well site for more information on Eat Well and being more active  b Active

If you’re looking for information and resources about diabetes you can also refer to Diabetes UK.